Total Knee Replacement (TKR) is usually recommended to patients whose quality of life is severely affected due to knee pain. Usually these are patients who have not experienced adequate or long-term relief from with non-surgical treatments such as physical therapy, weight management, medication etc. Each patient is unique but generally those who experience one or more of following symptoms are candidates for knee replacement.
Total Hip Replacement (THR) surgery involves the removal of arthritic bone ends and damaged cartilige, and replacing them with hip implants that are designed to replicate the hip joint. During surgery, the femur (head of the thigh bone) and the acetabulum (hip socket) are replaced. Typically, the artificial ball with its stem is made of a strong metal, and the artificial socket is made of polyethylene (a durable plastic).
Unlike a hip fracture, which can be treated relatively easily, to repair an acetabular fracture, the orthopedic surgeon, must, in essence, fix the broken bones from the inside out. In fractures of this type, the femoral head is often driven through the acetabulum because of the impact of the fall or accident.